Canada is the second-largest country in the world and is located in North America. It is a fascinating country, with strong economic and social attributes.
Canada became a self-governing nation in 1867 but kept ties to the United Kingdom. With a population of approximately 34,019,000, Canada is a bilingual state with English and French as the country’s official languages. It is governed by Prime Minister the Right Honourable Stephen Harper.
Canada has ten provinces and three territories. They are Alberta, British Colombia, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon Territory.
The Geography of Canada
Located on the North American continent, Canada is approximately 9,984,670 square kilometers in size. It borders the North Atlantic Ocean, the North Pacific Ocean and the northern boundaries of the United States of America.
Over 50 percent of Canada’s landmass is covered by forest and woodland. Its natural resources include nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
Structure of the Canadian Economy
The Canadian economy is strengthened by several industries. The strongest of all is its healthy energy industry, which is made up of oil, gas, and electricity. Canada is one of the world’s largest energy exporters. In 2008, Canada was the largest producer of natural gas, the third-largest exporter of natural gas, and the eighth largest producer of crude oil.
The agriculture sector is made up of several industries. These industries include farm input and service supplier industries, primary agriculture, food, beverage and tobacco processing, wholesale distribution, retail food industries, and foodservice.
The manufacturing and services sectors though small, are still beneficial to Canada. The manufacturing sector consists of food, beverage, tobacco, shoes, leather, clothing, furniture, and fixtures. The services sector consists of financial services, real estate, communications, education, health, retail, entertainment, and tourism.
Economic Outlook and Employment in Canada
Canada was not spared from the wrath of the worldwide recession, which began in 2008. Employment in all sectors fell in 2009 and was compounded by employers reducing work hours. However, they caused an increase in self-employment levels.
According to the Canadian Chamber of Commerce’s Economic Outlook 2010, the Canadian economy has shown signs of recovery. The Canadian dollar is expected to rise and will have an impact on imports and exports.
Transportation in Canada
The transportation system in Canada is made up of rail, road, water, pipe, and air travel. The rail transportation system is made up of commuter train and subway systems, which link several cities and towns. There is an extensive highway system supplemented by minor highways and regional roads and streets.
Canada’s largest and busiest airport is the Toronto Pearson International Airport. It accommodates several regional and international flights from around the world. There are nineteen seaports in Canada which facilitate ferry services and other marine transport.
Procedures on Entering Canada
Entry into Canada is primarily determined by the Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA). All persons entering Canada must carry proof of citizenship and proof of identity. Visitors planning on staying for more than six months are required to undergo a medical examination.